Sow Perennial Flowers in the Fall

By MaineStay Media | Aug 16, 2010

Sow seeds of most perennial wildflowers, especially spring and early summer bloomers, in the fall from September through November. They are naturally adapted to and benefit from fall rains and cold winter soils. Rather than use packaged mixes of wildflower seeds, it is generally more satisfactory to sow single species of wildflowers adapted to an area, or mix several recommended ones together for a specific effect.

Continue to seed cold hardy perennial and biennial flowers directly into prepared beds. Good choices for fall sowing would be hollyhock, foxglove, purple coneflower, rudbeckia, dianthus, hesperis and lunaria.

Saving Seed

Gather the dried flower heads of zinnias, cosmos, marigolds, and Mexican sunflowers (Tithonia rotundifolia) and store the seeds in a cool, dry place. Sow these in the spring for next year’s cutting garden.


If you gave your plants a summer vacation outside, get ready to bring them back indoors as the first frost approaches. Reduce watering, and allow the containers to dry out a bit. Examine them carefully to remove any hitchhikers (such as lizards and bugs), and then bring the plants inside.

Autumn Equinox

September 22 at 5:19 pm is the fall equinox—the end of summer and the beginning of fall. Now is the time for setting out this season’s annuals, grooming flowerbeds, digging holes for bulbs, and planting trees and shrubs. But the most important thing is taking some time from our hectic schedules to get outside to enjoy the colors, fragrances and flavors of our gardens, fields and forests.

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